Known as laser trapping, optical tweezers, with nanometer accuracy and pico-newton precision, plays a pivotal role in single bio-molecule measurements and controllable motions of micro-machines. In order to advance the flourishing applications for those achievements, it is necessary to make clear the three-dimensional dynamic process of micro-particles stepping into an optical field. In this paper, we utilize the ray optics method to calculate the optical force and optical torque of a micro-sphere in optical tweezers. With the influence of viscosity force and torque taken into account, we numerically solve and analyze the dynamic process of a dielectric micro-sphere in optical tweezers on the basis of Newton mechanical equations under various conditions of initial positions and velocity vectors of the particle. The particle trajectory over time can demonstrate whether the particle can be successfully trapped into the optical tweezers center and reveal the subtle details of this trapping process. Even in a simple pair of optical tweezers, the dielectric micro-sphere exhibits abundant phases of mechanical motions including acceleration, deceleration, and turning. These studies will be of great help to understand the particle-laser trap interaction in various situations and promote exciting possibilities for exploring novel ways to control the mechanical dynamics of microscale particles.
3D dynamic motion of a dielectric micro-sphere within optical tweezers
First published at:Jan 27, 2021
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the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11974119 and No. 11804399), and the Guangdong Innovative and Entrepreneurial Research Team Program (Grant No. 2016ZT06C594), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, South-Central University for Nationalities (Grant No. CZQ20018), and National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFA 0306200).
Get Citation: Liu J, Zheng M, Xiong ZJ et al. 3D dynamic motion of a dielectric micro-sphere within optical tweezers. Opto-Electron Adv 4, 200015 (2021).
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