The synthesis process of doped photopolymer has a significant impact on its properties. The tradional optimization method for the synthesis process of doped photopolymers depends on experimental parameters and experimental experience. A method for quantitatively monitoring and optimization of the synthesis process of doped photopolymers by absorption spectrum is presented in this paper. The absorption spectra of samples in different steps of the preparation are measured and analyzed. The change rule of the absorption spectra in preparation process is revealed. Quantitative monitoring of the progress and the synthesis rate of photopolymers could be realized by the proposed method. This method brings new possibility to quantitative optimization in the preparation process of doped photopolymers.
Monitoring and optimization of the synthesis process of the holographic doped photopolymers
First published at:Mar 15, 2019
 Li C M Y, Cao L C, Wang Z, et al. Hybrid polarization-angle multiplexing for volume holography in gold nanoparticle-doped photopolymer[J]. Optics Letters, 2014, 39(24): 6891–6894.
 Vaia R A, Maguire J F. Polymer nanocomposites with pre-scribed morphology: going beyond nanoparticle-filled poly-mers[J]. Chemistry of Materials, 2007, 19(11): 2736–2751.
 Zhuo D H, Tao S Q, Shi M Q, et al. Shrinkage of photopolymer for holographic recording materials[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2007, 34(11): 1543–1547.
禚渡华, 陶世荃, 施盟泉, 等. 全息记录材料光致聚合物的收缩率[J]. 中国激光, 2007, 34(11): 1543–1547.
 Fujii R, Guo J X, Klepp J, et al. Nanoparticle polymer composite volume gratings incorporating chain transfer agents for holography and slow-neutron optics[J]. Optics Letters, 2014, 39(12): 3453–3456.
 Ashley J, Bernal M P, Burr G W, et al. Holographic data storage technology[J]. IBM Journal of Research and Development, 2000, 44(3): 341–368.
 Horimai H, Tan X D, Li J. Collinear holography[J]. Applied Optics, 2005, 44(13): 2575–2579.
 Sugawara S, Murase K, Kitayama T. Holographic recording by dye-sensitized photopolymerization of acrylamide[J]. Applied Optics, 1975, 14(2): 378–382.
 Lin S H, Hsu K Y, Chen W Z, et al. Phenanthrenequinone-doped poly (methyl methacrylate) photopolymer bulk for volume holographic data storage[J]. Optics Letters, 2000, 25(7): 451–453.
 Hsu K Y, Lin S H, Hsiao Y N, et al. Experimental characterization of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly (methyl methacrylate) photopolymer for volume holographic storage[J]. Optical Engineering, 2003, 42(5): 1390–1396.
 Cody D, Gribbin S, Mihaylova E, et al. Low-toxicity photopolymer for reflection holography[J]. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2016, 8(28): 18481–18487.
 Navarro-Fuster V, Ortu?o M, Fernández R, et al. Peristrophic multiplexed holograms recorded in a low toxicity photopoly-mer[J]. Optical Materials Express, 2017, 7(1): 133–147.
 Li C M Y, Cao L C, Li J M, et al. Improvement of volume holographic performance by plasmon-induced holographic absorption grating[J]. Applied Physics Letters, 2013, 102(6): 061108.
 Li C M Y, Cao L C, He Q S, et al. Holographic kinetics for mixed volume gratings in gold nanoparticles doped photopolymer[J]. Optics Express, 2014, 22(5): 5017–5028.
 Cao L C, Wu S H, Hao J P, et al. Enhanced diffraction efficiency of mixed volume gratings with nanorod dopants in polymeric nanocomposite[J]. Applied Physics Letters, 2017, 111(14): 141104.
 Vaia R A, Dennis C L, Natarajan L V, et al. One-step, micrometer-scale organization of nano-and mesoparticles using holographic photopolymerization: a generic technique[J]. Advanced Materials, 2001, 13(20): 1570–1574.
 Suzuki N, Tomita Y, Ohmori K, et al. Highly transparent ZrO2 nanoparticle-dispersed acrylate photopolymers for volume holographic recording[J]. Optics Express, 2006, 14(26): 12712–12719.
 Goldenberg L M, Sakhno O V, Smirnova T N, et al. Holographic composites with gold nanoparticles: nanoparticles promote polymer segregation[J]. Chemistry of Materials, 2008, 20(14): 4619–4627.
 Tomita Y, Urano H, Fukamizu T A, et al. Nanoparticle-polymer composite volume holographic gratings dispersed with ultra-high-refractive-index hyperbranched polymer as organic na-noparticles[J]. Optics Letters, 2016, 41(6): 1281–1284.
 Ni M L, Peng H Y, Liao Y G, et al. 3D Image storage in photopolymer/ZnS nanocomposites tailored by “Photoinitibitor”[J]. Macromolecules, 2015, 48(9): 2958–2966.
 Liu S, Gleeson M R, Guo J X, et al. High Intensity response of photopolymer materials for holographic grating formation[J]. Macromolecules, 2010, 43(22): 9462–9472.
 Gallego S, Ortuno M, Neipp C, et al. Overmodulation effects in volume holograms recorded on photopolymers[J]. Optics Communications, 2003, 215(4–6): 263–269.
 Qi Y, Tolstik E, Li H Y, et al. Study of PQ/PMMA photopolymer. Part 2: experimental results[J]. Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 2013, 30(12): 3308–3315.
 Gallego S, Neipp C, Ortu?o M, et al. Analysis of multiplexed holograms stored in a thick PVA/AA photopolymer[J]. Optics Communications, 2008, 281(6): 1480–1485.
 Martínez F J, Fernández R, Márquez A, et al. Exploring binary and ternary modulations on a PA-LCoS device for holographic data storage in a PVA/AA photopolymer[J]. Optics Express, 2015, 23(16): 20459–20479.
 Pramitha V, Das B, Joseph J, et al. High efficiency panchro-matic photopolymer recording material for holographic data storage systems[J]. Optical Materials, 2016, 52: 212–218.
 Tomita Y, Furushima K, Ochi K, et al. Organic nanoparti-cle(Hyperbranched Polymer)-dispersed photopolymers for volume holographic storage[J]. Applied Physics Letters, 2006, 88(7): 071103.
 Sun C X, Wang S L, Li R P, et al. Holographic characteristic parameters of a water-resistant photopolymer in different thickness[J]. Laser Technology, 2008, 32(5): 545–547, 550.
孙彩霞, 王素莲, 李若平, 等. 一种抗湿性光聚物在不同厚度下的全息特性[J]. 激光技术, 2008, 32(5): 545–547, 550.
National Natural Science Foundation of China (61775117) and Solid State Laser Technology Key Laboratory Fund (9140C010102150C04017)
Get Citation: Cao Liangcai, Wu Shenghan, He Zehao, et al. Monitoring and optimization of the synthesis process of the holographic doped photopolymers[J]. Opto-Electronic Engineering, 2019, 46(3): 180620.