In order to improve the transmission performance of all-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI), a novel all-fiber MZI interleaver is proposed and discussed in this paper. All-fiber interleaver consists of one 2×2 fiber coupler and one coupler with self-feedback fiber ring resonator. According to its structure, the output expression of the device is deduced by using optical fiber transmission theory and matrix theory, and numerical simulation analysis is performed. The results show that the device adopts the phase adjustment effect introduced by the self-feedback optical fiber resonator with reasonable parameters, and its 25 dB cutoff bandwidth is 46.7 GHz which accounts for 93.4% of the 50 GHz frequency interval. The output spectrum is similar to the square wave output. This device requires 2 fiber couplers, which is less than the number of couplers needed for the conventional all-fiber MZI-interleaver. When considering the existence of transmission loss, there is no difference in the amplitude of the two interference optical signals, which reduces the influence of transmission loss on the extinction characteristics of the filter. Compared with the conventional unbalanced MZI type interleaver with an optical fiber resonant ring, the structure is simple and compact, and has a certain anti-deviation ability. It also reduces the difficulty of making the device, which makes it play an important role in the future of dense wavelength division multiplexing systems.
All-fiber MZI-Interleaver with self-feedback fiber resonator
First published at:May 01, 2019
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Gansu Natural Science Foundation (1508RJZA081)
Get Citation: Wei Xiaoming, Lu Huaiwei, Yang Qi, et al. All-fiber MZI-Interleaver with self-feedback fiber resonator[J]. Opto-Electronic Engineering, 2019, 46(5): 180315.
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